activate_plugins( string|array $plugins, string $redirect = '', bool $network_wide = false, bool $silent = false )

Activate multiple plugins.


When WP_Error is returned, it does not mean that one of the plugins had errors. It means that one or more of the plugins file path was invalid.

The execution will be halted as soon as one of the plugins has an error.



(Required) Single plugin or list of plugins to activate.


(Optional) Redirect to page after successful activation.

Default value: ''


(Optional) Whether to enable the plugin for all sites in the network.

Default value: false


(Optional) Prevent calling activation hooks. Default is false.

Default value: false


(bool|WP_Error) True when finished or WP_Error if there were errors during a plugin activation.


File: wp-admin/includes/plugin.php

function activate_plugins( $plugins, $redirect = '', $network_wide = false, $silent = false ) {
	if ( !is_array($plugins) )
		$plugins = array($plugins);

	$errors = array();
	foreach ( $plugins as $plugin ) {
		if ( !empty($redirect) )
			$redirect = add_query_arg('plugin', $plugin, $redirect);
		$result = activate_plugin($plugin, $redirect, $network_wide, $silent);
		if ( is_wp_error($result) )
			$errors[$plugin] = $result;

	if ( !empty($errors) )
		return new WP_Error('plugins_invalid', __('One of the plugins is invalid.'), $errors);

	return true;


Version Description
WP-2.6.0 Introduced.